Kythira has a wide variety of vegetation types that thrive on the island. Olive trees predominate in the plains, fruit trees are more common in valleys sheltered by the wind, while low shrubby vegetation predominates all over the island. One of the most widespread species is thyme, which gives its characteristic aroma to local honey. More than 700 plant species have been recorded on Kythira. Among them many unique species of flowers and herbs. The Sempreviva flower (sempre viva = always alive), the small yellow amaranth flower, has remained the island’s trademark. The wild red tulips, with the local name “Castanioles”, the lilies of The Virgin Mary (Panagia), the fragrant “Manousi” as well as the wonderful rare orchids are also of incomparable beauty.
The island’s fauna is equally gentle and is represented by friendly small wild animals, while poisonous species are completely absent. There is a large presence of hares and a species of small fox that the locals call “zourida”. At the same time, dozens of species of migratory birds make a stopover in Kythira in spring and autumn.
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